Versión español United Nations

Home » Statistical Yearbook of Latin America and the Caribbean, 2017 - Electronic version

Statistical Yearbook of Latin America and the Caribbean, 2017
Electronic version


The Statistical Yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean of ECLAC presents a set of basic statistics on the economic, sociodemographic and environmental situation of the region during a specific time period. This information is part of the statistics available in CEPALSTAT, the statistical databases and publications portal of ECLAC.

This edition of the Yearbook includes information available to mid-December 2017.

The Yearbook comprises three chapters. The first covers demographic and social indicators and includes statistical information on population, labour, education, health, housing and basic services, poverty and income distribution, and gender. The second chapter presents economic statistics relating to trade, balance of payments and domestic prices, as well as national accounts. The statistical series are expressed in dollars. The third chapter provides quantitative information available on the environment.

Given the abundance of data —often diverse and sometimes conflicting— now accessible to researchers, special attention must be paid to technical aspects specifying the source of the data, their definition and coverage. This information is presented in a fourth chapter available in the electronic version of this Yearbook, which deals with methodology and metadata, supplementing the more specific information contained in the footnotes and sources of each of the tables and graphics in this Yearbook.

There are differences between the printed and electronic versions of the Yearbook.

The printed version contains a selection of summary tables and graphics providing statistical information from the regional perspective, with emphasis on the international comparability of data, such as the information on poverty and national accounts statistics in dollars prepared by ECLAC.

The electronic version, available on USB memory and on the ECLAC website, includes 394 tables —and over a much longer period— with more detailed information on countries' economic, social and environmental situation. These tables are accessible from the pdf version via hyperlinks.

Researchers are advised to consult the CEPALSTAT website for more detailed statistical information on the region. This portal contains a series of thematic databases covering a variety of fields (social, national accounts, the environment, gender affairs, production activities and external trade, among others), which are updated regularly. These data may be used to generate statistical tables and charts in different formats, with rapid processing via online web services.


The data presented in the Statistical Yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean have been calculated using international methodologies and standards, to assure comparability among countries. For this reason, these values do not necessarily coincide with national figures.

This edition includes information available up to mid-December 2017.

The totals given in the tables and graphics correspond to the sum or to the average of the individual values shown in each table, unless otherwise stated.

The figures given for different groups of countries correspond to the set of reporting countries for that period or year, unless otherwise stated. For this reason, the years or periods in a series may not be strictly comparable.

Individual figures and percentages in tables may not add up to the corresponding total, because of rounding.

In this publication, the term "country" is used to refer to territorial entities, whether these are States as understood by international law and practice or simply territories for which statistical data are maintained on a separate and independent basis. The denomination "Caribbean Netherlands" refers to Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius. Nevertheless, some series may refer to the "former Netherlands Antilles", the former autonomous part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands which comprised the territories of Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, Sint Eustatius and Sint Maarten, and was dissolved on 10 October 2010. The denomination "Guadeloupe" includes Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin (French part).

Unless otherwise indicated, the geographical coverage of the Yearbook includes the following countries, provided that information presented for the table or graphic in question is available:

Latin America: Argentina, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of).
The Caribbean: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Caribbean Netherlands, Curaçao, Dominica, French Guyana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Maarten (Netherlands part), Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands and United States Virgin Islands.

The following symbols and abbreviations have been used in the tables and graphs in the Yearbook:

– Three dots (...) indicate that data are not available or cannot be disaggregated.
– A dash (—) indicates that the amount is zero or negligible.
– A point (.) is used to indicate decimals.
– Use of a hyphen (-) between years, e.g. 2010-2015, indicates reference to the complete number of calendar years involved, including the beginning and end years.
– The abbreviation n.e.s. indicates that the item in question is not elsewhere specified (or not included).
– Reference to "tons" means metric tons, and to "dollars" means United States dollars, unless otherwise stated.
– Callouts in capital letters between square brackects ([A]) refer to data sources.
– Callouts in small letters (a) refer to technical notes.
– CACM, Central American Common Market.
– CELADE, Latin American and Caribbean Demographic Centre-Population Division of ECLAC.
– ECLAC, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.
– FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
– IUCN/UNEP-WCMC, International Union for Conservation of Nature and United Nations Environment Programme-World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
– MERCOSUR, Southern Common Market.
– OLADE, Latin America Energy Organization.
– UNEP, United Nations Environment Programme.
– UNESCO, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
– UNPD, United Nations Population Division.
– UNSD, United Nations Statistics Division.
– WHO, World Health Organization.

The Excel files of the electronic version of the Yearbook, which contain the data used for the tables and graphics included in the printed version (pdf), may be consulted online by clicking on the icon.

All the statistical data included in this Yearbook and other statistical information on these topics can be accessed through the ECLAC databases and statistical publications portal, CEPALSTAT.

2.1 NATIONAL ACCOUNTS
2.1.1 NATIONAL ACCOUNTS OF LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN, IN DOLLARS


2.1.1.1    Annual growth rates of gross domestic product
2.1.1.2    Annual growth rates of per capita gross domestic product
2.1.1.3    Total gross domestic product, at constant market prices
2.1.1.4    Per capita gross domestic product, at constant market prices
2.1.1.5    Total gross domestic product, at current market prices
2.1.1.6    Per capita gross domestic product, at current market prices
2.1.1.7    Gross domestic product, by kind of economic activity, at constant market prices, regional total
2.1.1.8    Annual growth rates of gross domestic product, by kind of economic activity, regional total
2.1.1.9    Contribution to the growth rate by kind of economic activity, at constant market prices
2.1.1.10  Latin America: gross domestic product, by kind of economic activity, at constant market prices
2.1.1.11  Latin America: annual growth rates of gross domestic product, by kind of economic activity
2.1.1.12  The Caribbean: gross domestic product, by kind of economic activity, at constant market prices
2.1.1.13  The Caribbean: growth rates of gross domestic product, by kind of economic activity
2.1.1.14  Gross domestic product, by kind of economic activity, at current market prices
2.1.1.15  Latin America: gross domestic product, by kind of economic activity, at current market prices
2.1.1.16  The Caribbean: gross domestic product, by kind of economic activity, at current market prices
2.1.1.17  Latin America: gross domestic product, by type of expenditure, at constant market prices
2.1.1.18  Latin America: annual growth rates of gross domestic product, by type of expenditure, at constant market prices
2.1.1.19  Contribution to the growth rate by type of expenditure, at constant market prices, regional total
2.1.1.20  Latin America: gross domestic product, by type of expenditure, at current market prices
2.1.1.21  The Caribbean: gross domestic product, by type of expenditure, at current market prices
2.1.1.22  Latin America: disposable gross national income, at constant prices
2.1.1.23  Latin America: disposable gross national income, at current prices
2.1.1.24  Latin America: national savings, at current prices
2.1.1.25  Latin America: financing of gross domestic capital formation, at current prices
2.1.1.26  Aggregate value of agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing, at constant market prices
2.1.1.27  Aggregate value of mining and quarrying, at constant market prices
2.1.1.28  Aggregate value of manufacturing, at constant market prices
2.1.1.29  Aggregate value of the electricity, gas and water sectors, at constant market prices
2.1.1.30  Aggregate value of construction, at constant market prices
2.1.1.31  Aggregate value of wholesale and retail trade, hotels, bars and restaurants, at constant market prices
2.1.1.32  Aggregate value of transport, storage and communications, at constant market prices
2.1.1.33  Aggregate value of finance, insurance, real estate and business services, at constant market prices
2.1.1.34  Aggregate value of community, social and personal services, at constant market prices
2.1.1.35  Total aggregate value of economic activity, at constant market prices
2.1.1.36  Aggregate value of agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing, at current market prices
2.1.1.37  Aggregate value of mining and quarrying, at current market prices
2.1.1.38  Aggregate value of manufacturing, at current market prices
2.1.1.39  Aggregate value of the electricity, gas and water sectors, at current market prices
2.1.1.40  Aggregate value of construction, at current market prices
2.1.1.41  Aggregate value of wholesale and retail trade, hotels, bars and restaurants, at current market prices
2.1.1.42  Aggregate value of transport, storage and communications, at current market prices
2.1.1.43  Aggregate value of finance, insurance, real estate and business services, at current market prices
2.1.1.44  Aggregate value of community, social and personal services, at current market prices
2.1.1.45  Aggregate value of economic activity, at current market prices
2.1.1.46  Final consumption expenditure by general government, at constant market prices
2.1.1.47  Private final consumption expenditure, at constant market prices
2.1.1.48  Inventory changes, at constant market prices
2.1.1.49  Gross capital formation, at constant market prices
2.1.1.50  Fixed gross capital formation, at constant market prices
2.1.1.51  Fixed gross capital formation in construction, at constant market prices
2.1.1.52  Fixed gross capital formation in machinery, equipment and other goods, at constant market prices
2.1.1.53  Exports of goods and services, at constant market prices
2.1.1.54  Imports of goods and services, at constant market prices
2.1.1.55  Gross domestic product, by type of expenditure, at current market prices
2.1.1.56  Final consumption expenditure by general government, at current market prices
2.1.1.57  Private final consumption expenditure, at current market prices
2.1.1.58  Inventory changes, at current market prices
2.1.1.59  Gross capital formation, at current market prices
2.1.1.60  Fixed gross capital formation, at current market prices
2.1.1.61  Fixed gross capital formation in construction, at current market prices
2.1.1.62  Fixed gross capital formation in machinery, equipment, and other goods, at current market prices
2.1.1.63  Exports of goods and services, at current market prices
2.1.1.64  Imports of goods and services, at current market prices
2.1.1.65  Latin America: factor payments to the rest of the world, at current market prices
2.1.1.66  Latin America: net current transfers from the rest of the world, at current market prices
2.1.1.67  Degree of openness of the economy, at current market prices
2.1.1.68  External debt, at current market prices
2.1.1.69  Implicit gross domestic product deflator
2.1.1.70  Difference in the calculation of gross domestic product by kind of economic activity, at constant market prices
2.1.1.71  Difference in the calculation of gross domestic product by kind of economic activity, at current market prices
2.1.1.72  Difference in the calculation of gross domestic product by type of expenditure, at constant market prices
2.1.1.73  Difference in the calculation of gross domestic product by type of expenditure, at current market prices
2.1.1.74  Latin America: gross domestic product at constant 2010 prices, average annual rates of variation
2.1.1.75  Latin America: per capita gross domestic product at constant 2010 prices, average annual rates of variation
2.1.1.76  Latin America: total consumption at constant 2010 prices, average annual rates of variation
2.1.1.77  Latin America: gross fixed capital formation at constant 2010 prices, average annual rates of variation

2.2 EXTERNAL SECTOR
2.2.2 EXTERNAL TRADE OF GOODS AND SERVICES


2.2.2.1    Exports of primary products as a share of total exports
2.2.2.2    Exports of manufactured products as a share of total exports
2.2.2.3    Total exports f.o.b., by product group: primary products
2.2.2.4    Total exports f.o.b., by product group: manufactured products
2.2.2.5    Latin America and the Caribbean: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.4)
2.2.2.6    Intraregional exports of goods, by country of origin
2.2.2.7    Intraregional imports of goods, by country of destination
2.2.2.8    Total intraregional trade in goods, 2016
2.2.2.9    Value of total exports of goods and services
2.2.2.10  Value of total imports of goods and services
2.2.2.11  Latin American Integration Association: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.12  Andean Community: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.13  Central American Common Market: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.14  Common Market of the South: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.15  Common Market of the South, Plurinational State of Bolivia and Chile: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.16  Antigua and Barbuda: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.17  Argentina: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.18  Bahamas: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.19  Barbados: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.20  Belize: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.21  Bolivia (Plurinational State of): share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.22  Brazil: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.23  Chile: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.24  Colombia: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.25  Costa Rica: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.26  Cuba: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.27  Dominica: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.28  Ecuador: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.29  El Salvador: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.30 Grenada: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.31  Guatemala: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.32  Guyana: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.33  Haiti: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.34  Honduras: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.35  Jamaica: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.36  Mexico: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.37  Nicaragua: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.38  Panama: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.39  Paraguay: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.40  Peru: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.41  Dominican Republic: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.42  Saint Kitts and Nevis: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.43  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.44  Saint Lucia: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.45  Suriname: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.46  Trinidad and Tobago: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.47  Uruguay: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.48  Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of): share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)
2.2.2.49  Exports of goods by broad economic categories: food and beverages
2.2.2.50  Exports of goods by broad economic categories: industrial supplies not elsewhere specified
2.2.2.51  Exports of goods by broad economic categories: fuels and lubricants
2.2.2.52  Exports of goods by broad economic categories: capital goods (except transport equipment), and parts and accessories thereof
2.2.2.53  Exports of goods by broad economic categories: transport equipment and parts and accessories thereof
2.2.2.54  Exports of goods by broad economic categories: consumer goods not elsewhere specified
2.2.2.55  Exports of goods by broad economic categories: goods not elsewhere specified
2.2.2.56  Imports of goods by broad economic categories: consumer goods
2.2.2.57  Imports of goods by broad economic categories: intermediate goods
2.2.2.58  Imports of goods by broad economic categories: capital goods
2.2.2.59  Total intraregional trade in goods, 1995
2.2.2.60  Total intraregional trade in goods, 2000
2.2.2.61  Total intraregional trade in goods, 2005
2.2.2.62  Total intraregional trade in goods, 2010
2.2.2.63  Total intraregional trade in goods, 2014
2.2.2.64  Total intraregional trade in goods, 2015
2.2.2.65  Exports of goods, f.o.b.
2.2.2.66  Imports of goods, f.o.b.
2.2.2.67  Exports of services
2.2.2.68  Imports of services
2.2.2.69  Exports of transportation services
2.2.2.70  Imports of transportation services
2.2.2.71  Exports of travel services
2.2.2.72  Imports of travel services
2.2.2.73  Exports of other services
2.2.2.74  Imports of other services
2.2.2.75  Latin America and the Caribbean: share of the 10 leading products in total annual exports (SITC, Rev.1)

2.3 PRICES
2.4 SECTORAL STATISTICS
3.1 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
3.1.1 GEOLOGICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION
3.2 LAND COVER, ECOSYSTEM AND BIODIVERSITY 3.3 ENERGY RESOURCES 3.4 LAND 3.5 BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES 3.6 WATER RESOURCES 3.7 EMISSIONS
3.7.2 CONSUMPTION OF OZONE-DEPLETING SUBSTANCES (ODS)
3.8 NATURAL DISASTERS AND EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS
3.8.1 OCCURRENCE AND IMPACTS OF NATURAL DISASTERS AND EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS
3.9 ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION AND GOVERNANCE
3.9.2 PARTICIPATION IN MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS AND CONVENTIONS
3.10 HUMAN SETTLEMENTS
3.10.1 OTHER SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENTAL TOPICS FOR URBAN SETTLEMENT

Alicia Bárcena
Executive Secretary

Antonio Prado
Deputy Executive Secretary

Pascual Gerstenfeld
Chief, Statistics Division

Ricardo Pérez
Chief, Publications and Web Services Division

This year's edition of the Statistical Yearbook was coordinated by Daniel Taccari, Statistician with the Statistics Division of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). The information it contains was made available through the timely collaboration of the heads of statistical offices and the presidents of central banks in the countries of the region. The area of social and demographic statistics was coordinated by Xavier Mancero with the assistance of Álvaro Fuentes, Marco Galván, Carlos Howes and Claudio Moris. The processing of statistics relating to national accounts, balance of payments, foreign trade and prices was coordinated by Giovanni Savio, with assistance from Bruno Lana, Giannina López, Patricia Marchant, María Alejandra Ovalle and Ernestina Perez. The compilation of environmental and natural resources statistics was coordinated by Rayén Quiroga, with the assistance of Karina Cazares, Marina Gil, Alberto Malmierca, Pablo Merino and Sofía del Villar. The statistical graphics were designed and produced by Pauline Stockins. The programming work was performed by Iñaki González, Verónica Lazo and Andrés Yáñez.

This publication should be cited as: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), Statistical Yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean, 2017 (LC/PUB.2018/2-P), Santiago, 2018.

Applications for the right to reproduce this work are welcome and should be sent to the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), Publications and Web Services Division, publicaciones@cepal.org. Member States of the United Nations and their governmental institutions may reproduce this work without prior authorization, but are requested to mention the source and inform ECLAC of such reproduction.